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CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES

Many students and scholars are struggling with the proper method to cite electronic sources, such as Web pages, CD-ROMs, and email messages, in papers and publications. This guide provides a list of printed style manuals and points to selected Web sites which provide significant examples for citing electronic sources. Keep in mind that the printed guides are usually considered the official source and, when in doubt, always check with your professor or editor to confirm individual preferences. For more information on citing sources (including more examples of citing electronic sources), see the Sterne Library research guide Citing Print Sources.
  • Printed Guides
  • Web Sites: APA
  • Web Sites: MLA
  • Web Sites: Turabian
  • Citing Government & Legal Sources: Web Sites & Printed Guides
  • Citing Scientific Sources: Web Sites & Printed Guides

  • PRINTED GUIDES

    Printed guides are almost always more comprehensive than similar information found on the Web. Also, although Web sites offer numerous examples and may be very helpful, keep in mind that the printed guide for a particular style is usually considered to be the official source.

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    WEB SITES: APA


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    WEB SITES: MLA


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    WEB SITES: TURABIAN


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    CITING GOVERNMENT AND LEGAL SOURCES: WEB SITES & PRINTED GUIDES

    Many of the guides listed above also include some citation examples for government and legal sources. The following online guides provide more focused and detailed help for citing these types of sources.

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    CITING SCIENTIFIC SOURCES: WEB SITES & PRINTED GUIDES

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    Please note that the citation style used in this research guide generally conforms to the Turabian style as suggested by Maurice Crouse in Citing Electronic Information in History Papers, listed above under the category "Web Sites: Turabian".


    Diann Weatherly, Government Documents Librarian
    dweather@uab.edu

    Thanks to Heather Martin and Richard Harrison for contributing to this research guide.

    Revised August 31, 2005



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